By Partha Chakroborty, Akhilesh Kumar Maurya (auth.), Cécile Appert-Rolland, François Chevoir, Philippe Gondret, Sylvain Lassarre, Jean-Patrick Lebacque, Michael Schreckenberg (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3540770739

ISBN-13: 9783540770732

ISBN-10: 3540770747

ISBN-13: 9783540770749

This publication covers numerous learn fields, all of which take care of delivery. 3 major themes are taken care of: street site visitors, granular topic, and organic shipping. various issues of view, i.e. modelling, simulations, experiments, and phenomenological observations, are thought of. Sub-topics comprise: street or city vehicular site visitors (dynamics of site visitors, macro/micro modelling, measurements, info research, safety concerns, mental issues), pedestrian site visitors, animal site visitors (e.g. social insects), collective movement in organic platforms (molecular motors...), granular circulate (dense flows, intermittent flows, solid/liquid transition, jamming, strength networks, fluid and sturdy friction), networks (biological networks, city site visitors, the net, vulnerability of networks, optimum shipping networks) and mobile automata utilized to a few of the aforementioned fields.

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Extra resources for Traffic and Granular Flow ’07

Sample text

Therefore the flow increases linearly with the density of cars. The free flow branch F can clearly be seen in Fig. 2(left). The part of the branch with flows larger than Jout is called metastable branch. It corresponds to a region where the flow is not uniquely determined by the density. All states not of free flow type are called congested states. They are characterized by an average velocity that is smaller than the “desired” velocity of the drivers. Two congested phases can be distinguished. e. without any obvious external reason (see Sec.

13. Kerner BS, Rehborn H (1996) Phys. Rev. E 52:R1297. 14. Knospe W, Santen L, Schadschneider A, Schreckenberg M (2002) Phys. Rev. E 65:056133. 15. Nagel K, Schreckenberg M (1992) J. Physique I 2:2221. 16. Schreckenberg M, Schadschneider A, Nagel K, Ito N (1995) Phys. Rev. E 51:2339. 17. de/∼as. 18. Barlovic R, Santen L, Schadschneider A, Schreckenberg M (1998) Eur. Phys. J. B 5:793 (1998). 19. Maerivot S and De Moor B (2005) Phys. Rep. 419:1. 20. Knospe W, Santen L, Schadschneider A, Schreckenberg M (2004) Phys.

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Transportation Research Board (1998) Highway Capacity Manual. Chakroborty, P (2006) Phys A 372:151–161. Gunay, B (2007) Transp Res 41B:722–735. Transportation Research Board (2000) Highway Capacity Manual. May, A (1990) Traffic Flow Fundamentals. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. Chakroborty, P, Kikuchi, S (1999) Transp Res 7C:209–235. Herman, R, Montroll, E W, Potts, R B, Rothery, R W (1959) Oper Res 7:86– 106. Jones, T R, Potts, R B (1962) Oper Res 10:745–763.

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Traffic and Granular Flow ’07 by Partha Chakroborty, Akhilesh Kumar Maurya (auth.), Cécile Appert-Rolland, François Chevoir, Philippe Gondret, Sylvain Lassarre, Jean-Patrick Lebacque, Michael Schreckenberg (eds.)


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