By Olwen Hufton
The French plenty overwhelmingly supported the Revolution in 1789. monetary worry, starvation, and debt mixed to place them solidly at the back of the leaders. yet among the people's expectancies and the politicians' interpretation of what was once had to build a brand new country lay an unlimited chasm. Olwen H. Hufton explores the responses of 2 teams of operating ladies – those in rural parts and people in Paris – to the revolution's aftermath.
Women have been denied citizenship within the new country, yet they weren't apolitical. In Paris, collective girl task promoted a managed economic system as girls struggled to safe an sufficient offer of bread at an inexpensive fee. Rural ladies engaged in collective disagreement to undermine executive non secular coverage which used to be destroying the networks of conventional Catholic charity.
Hufton examines the motivations of those teams, the recommendations they used to improve their respective explanations, and the sour misogyinistic legacy of the republican culture which endured into the 20 th century.
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Additional info for Women and the Limits of Citizenship in in the French Revolution
Consider woman's role as mother heroine figure in the Republican fete as orchestrated in Paris. Here she is exalted as nurturer and for her readiness to sacrifice. She is drawn into the celebrations and made a significant force critical to state and society. In a different vein, the tricoteuse knitting for the war effort in front of the guillotine as the internal conspiracy is annihilated before her eyes expressed yet another form of patriotic, canalized emotion which confirmed and did not threaten the political status quo - unless, of course, she demanded more blood than the government was prepared to spill.
Some of the crowd broke into the palace and tried to force entry to the queen's bedchamber. In the confrontation, two of the royal bodyguards were slain (not by women). At this stage of the melee the role of the women had conspicuously diminished though it is at this juncture that we hear from the more royalist accounts of men dressed up as women. The National Guard intervened and when order had been restored the king appeared publicly on the balcony before perhaps as many as ten thousand people.
Not many women were present at the storming of the Bastille. We are told by one reliable observer that as the victorious crowd poured up the rue Saint Antoine, the parish from which 70 per cent of the participants came, its prisoners in tow, 'an inconceivable number of women, children and old people ... "6 The glory was clearly shared, yet the women had remained behind closed doors. Why? Was it because there was a strong possibility that shots would be exchanged? Was confronting the guards in an arsenal interpreted as men's work?
Women and the Limits of Citizenship in in the French Revolution by Olwen Hufton